There is a distinctive space between the first three and last three road wheels on this M2 Bradley. The 7.62mm coaxial machine gun protrudes from the turret to the right of the 25mm chain gun, and the twin TOW missile launcher is positioned on the left side of the turret. The weapons' sights are contained in the armored box on the turret roof. The driver is seated in the front left, with the engine to his right, and both are behind the large folding trim vane. It was necessary to include vision slots in the trim vane so that the driver could see where he was going when the device was erected. The Bradley was also used by Cavalry units for reconnaissance as the M3, and some scouts were displeased with the vehicle's large size, which is illustrated here compared to this M1 Abrams tank. (Picture taken 1 Jan 1983 by Steve Catlin; available from the Defense Visual Information Center.)
The driver's hatch is open on this vehicle, allowing a view of his periscopes.
Some panels of the spaced armor skirt have been raised, and details of the suspension can be seen. The engine exhaust deflector is on the upper side hull between the forward second and third road wheels, and stowage racks for 7.62mm ammunition cans line the outside of the inward-sloping turret bustle stowage rack. An antenna mount is present in the middle of the turret's right side.
A closer view of the two right-side firing ports is provided here. Periscopes are embedded in the upper hull, and the rear roof hatch can be seen in the background. The turret bustle stowage rack featured drainage holes in its underside.
The skirt panels are raised on the opposite side of the vehicle as well.
Details of the running gear are provided here, including the location of the shock absorbers and the two single and one dual track return rollers. The spaced armor on the inside of the raised skirt panels is also visible.
The firing ports and periscopes on the left side of the vehicle are shown here.
The smoke grenade launchers are not mounted on this vehicle, but the stowage box for spare grenades remains on the turret front. When the TOW launcher is raised, the plate covering the front falls below.
The ramp of the Bradley was flanked on each side by a rear stowage box, above which were mounted the vehicle's taillights. A towing pintle is centrally located under the ramp, and towing shackles are mounted on each side of this. A towing cable is stowed on the ramp, and in the center of the loop made by the cable is a firing port. Another firing port is in the left taillight's shadow in the oval ramp access door. The periscopes in the rear roof were not distributed evenly: two periscopes were on the vehicle's left side while a single periscope was provided on the right. (Picture taken 20 Nov 1990 by SPC Randall R. Anderson; available from the U.S. Army Center of Military History.)
The rear periscopes and the stop for the roof hatch are highlighted in this image.
The water barrier is erected on this vehicle, and it has just completed crossing Victory Pond. The rear cargo hatch on the vehicle is open. (Picture taken 13 Jun 1983 by SPC5 Bobby Mathis; available from the Defense Visual Information Center.)
The left side of the passenger compartment is shown here. The tunnel to the driver's position is visible to the left of the turret basket, and seats for two dismounts are folded up on the left. A third man would sit between the driver and the turret basket. A periscope can be seen to the upper left, and a firing port is below it. The black discs near the ceiling and green discs near the holes in the floor as well as on the hull wall secured TOW missile reloads. Rations were stowed in the rectangular racks above the nearest seat.
Some of the passenger seats are folded down in this machine, and TOW reloads can be seen to the left. (Photo by Richard S. Eshleman.)
This picture is of opposite side of the passenger compartment. More individual seating for the dismounts can be seen, as well as the two firing ports and periscopes. Red fire extinguisher bottles are in the front right corner, and a plastic water tank is mounted on the hull wall. Ammunition for 7.62mm machine guns was stowed on the shelf under the water tank, and 25mm ammunition was stowed in the chest to the bottom right.
The gunner's reticle for the M2 through the M2A2 is represented here. The asterisk is reminding us that the air defense reticle for the M2A2 is not shown. The choke sight is calibrated for the hull of BMP-type targets, which is 1.8m (71") tall. If the horizontal line of the choke sight is aligned with the bottom of the tracks of a BMP, the sight is then traversed until the top of the hull touches the angled stadia line. When the target is so aligned, the range can be read from the scale on the angled stadia line and indexed into the vehicle's computer. At this point, superelevation is applied by the computer and the reticle can be re-laid onto the target. (Picture from FM 23-1 Bradley Gunnery.)
The commander's ring sight is detailed here, connected to the gun mantlet armor via an articulated arm. This allowed the commander to quickly aim at targets such as low-flying aircraft by lining them up with the plastic crosshairs and an aperture sight, which is missing on this vehicle. The mount for the aperture sight can be seen at the end of the horizontal arm near the commander's position.
Lining a target up with the ring sight is diagrammed here. (Picture from TM 9-2350-252-10-2.)
The left rear of the HMPT-500 transmission is sketched here. Its dry weight was 1860lb (844kg), it was 31.17" (79.17cm) long, 40.0" (102cm) wide, and 28.5" (72.4cm) tall. (Picture from TM 9-2520-270-34.)
The side firing ports are clearly visible on this vehicle. The rear cargo hatch is open, allowing the soldiers to wave to the crowd watching the parade. The guard for the external fire extinguisher handle for the engine compartment is located below the panel labeled with the driver's name. This vehicle lacks the boxes for smoke grenade stowage on the turret front visible on the vehicle above. (Picture taken 8 Jun 1991 by LCPL Contreras; available from the Defense Visual Information Center.)
The rear ramp is lowered on this vehicle, allowing the dismounts to exit and permitting a glimpse into the troop compartment. There were seven troops in the passenger compartment, and each had their own seat. One sat facing inboard in the vehicle's left rear corner, two pairs of soldiers sat back-to-back in the vehicle's right rear corner, and two soldiers sat back-to-back to the left of the turret. The stowage boxes on either side of this vehicle's rear ramp are missing their covers, and appear damaged. The periscopes behind the rear cargo hatch can also be seen. (Picture taken 27 Jan 1986 by William U. Rosemund; available from the Defense Visual Information Center.)
Schematics of the basic TOW missile and the Improved TOW are shown in this image. (Picture from FM 23-1 Bradley Gunnery.)
This drawing shows the difference between TOW 2 and TOW 2A. (Picture from FM 23-1 Bradley Gunnery.)
The interior of the TOW 2B is sketched here. Note the two downward-firing warheads at the front of the missile. (Picture from FM 23-1 Bradley Gunnery.)
Peering into the passenger compartment of this restowed M2A2 Bradley, the improved dismount seating arrangement is immediately apparent versus earlier vehicles. Six of the infantry squad sat on inward-facing benches, with the seventh man in the tunnel to the driver's compartment. A TOW missile reload can be seen above the left-hand backrest, and the periscopes in the rear hull roof can be seen above and below the armor.
The applique and spaced armor is apparent on the front and sides of this M2A2ODS, and the attachment points for the applique armor tiles pockmark the surface of the vehicle. The trim vane on the hull front slope has been deleted, and the engine access hatch is now visible. The 7.62mm coaxial machine gun lacks the barrel shroud like the M2 example above. Smoke grenade stowage was again moved, to the boxes visible on each side of the 25mm gun on the underside of the turret front. The platform above the gunner's sight housing was for a missile countermeasure device that ended up not being fielded. Note also the new headlight clusters compared to earlier vehicles. With the armor upgrades, the vehicle has lost its trim vane and it is operating in the desert, but it curiously appears to have retained its water barrier, rolled up around the perimeter of the hull. (Picture Picture taken by PFC Tracey Hall-Leahy; available from the National Archives.)
This vehicle, firing its 25mm gun, is fitted with enhancements like ERA tiles, a shield for the commander, and the dome tent over the turret roof that was intended to prevent strikes with overhead power lines. Empty shell casings can be seen bouncing below the gun barrel. (Picture taken 13 Sep 2008 by PFC Michael Schuch; available from the Defense Video & Imagery Distribution System.)
The air defense reticle is sketched here, indexed to 1800 meters in the integrated sight unit. (Picture from FM 23-1 Bradley Gunnery.)
The gunner was provided with a laser rangefinder in the M2A2ODS which provided a 4-digit range readout from 200m to 9990m in 5-meter increments and automatically applied superelevation. Again, the air defense reticle is not represented in this image. (Picture from FM 23-1 Bradley Gunnery.)
ERA tiles and the dome tent are present on this machine, and a view of the front of the CIV can be had. Note that the headlight clusters have been moved to atop the added armor. (Picture taken 19 Jun 2006 by SPC Cal Turner; available from the Defense Video & Imagery Distribution System.)
This vehicle has been fitted with new double-pin tracks with replaceable rubber pads. The driver's thermal camera is visible on the front hull to his front right. (Photo by Richard S. Eshleman.)
Compared to the M2A1 above, the entryway of the M2A3 is free of folding seats, making mounting and dismounting the vehicle easier for the infantry. The squad was provided with a folding bench attached to each wall of the passenger compartment, and these can be seen through the open ramp. The seventh man was positioned facing to the rear in the tunnel behind the driver. Here, squad leader SSGT Benjamin Jones (foreground) and his men are undergoing military operations in urban terrain training. (Picture Picture taken 23 Sep 2011 by SPC Erik Anderson; available from DefenseImagery.mil.)
A view into the passenger compartment is provided here. The roof hatch is open, and periscopes can be seen in the roof just inside the door. Energy-absorbing benches and footrests have been installed, along with restraints for the squad. The flat-screen display for the squad leader can be seen in the front right of the compartment. Details of the new double-pin track are also visible. (Photo by Richard S. Eshleman.)
Another view into the passenger compartment shows more detail of the rear armor arrangement, turret basket opening, and squad leader's display. (Photo by Richard S. Eshleman.)