8" Howitzer Motor Carriage M431-4

M43: General
Date of first acceptance June 1945 Total acceptances 24 + 24 converted from 155mm GMC M40
Manufacturer Pressed Steel Car Co. Crew 8 men
M43: Dimensions
Combat weight 80,000lbs
36,000kg
Height over howitzer mount 130"
330cm
Length without howitzer 280.4"
712.2cm
Howitzer overhang forward 0"
Width 124"
315cm
Tread 101"
257cm
Ground clearance 17"
43cm
Fire height 102"
259cm
Ground pressure, zero penetration 10.6psi
.744kg/cm²
M43: Armament
Type Mount Ammunition Traverse Elevation
8" Howitzer M1 or M2 M17 on rear of chassis 16 rounds 36°
(18° left and right;
manual)
+45° to -5°
(manual)
M43: Armor
Assembly
Welding
Hull
Rolled and cast homogeneous steel
Location Thickness Angle from vertical
Upper front .5"
1.3cm
58°
Lower front 4.25" to 2.0"
10.8cm to 5.1cm
0° to 46°
Upper sides .5"
1.3cm
Lower sides 1.0"
2.5cm
Rear .5"
1.3cm
Top .5"
1.3cm
85°
Front floor 1.0"
2.5cm
90°
Rear floor .5"
1.3cm
90°
Howitzer shield .5"
1.3cm
~45°
M43: Automotive
Engine Continental R975 C4; 9 cylinder, 4 cycle, radial gasoline
Horsepower Net: 400@2400rpm
Gross: 460@2400rpm
Torque Net: 940 ft-lb@1700rpm
Gross: 1025 ft-lb@1800rpm
Fuel capacity 215gal
814L
Transmission Synchromesh, 5 speeds forward, 1 reverse
Steering Controlled differential, steering levers
Brakes Mechanical, external contracting
M43: Suspension
Type Road wheels Track return rollers
Horizontal volute spring 3 bogies/track;
2 dual wheels/bogie
2 dual/track, 3 single/track
Drive sprockets Idlers Shock absorbers
13-tooth front drive Dual adjustable at rear of track One on each bogie
M43: Track
T66
Center guide, single pin, cast, steel
Width 23"
58cm
Pitch 6"
15cm
Shoes/track 86 Ground contact length 164"
417cm
T80
Center guide, double pin, rubber and steel
Width 23"
58cm
Pitch 6"
15cm
Shoes/track 86 Ground contact length 164"
417cm
T84
Center guide, double pin, rubber
Width 23"
58cm
Pitch 6"
15cm
Shoes/track 86 Ground contact length 164"
417cm
M43: Performance
Max level road speed 21mph sustained
24mph dash
34kph sustained
39kph dash
Max trench 92"
230cm
Max grade 60% Max vertical obstacle 24"
61cm
Min turning diameter 83'
25m
Max fording depth 40"
102cm
Cruising range ~100mi, roads
~160km, roads

The 8" HMC M43 was a 155mm GMC M40 with the weapon replaced with the 8" howitzer. The gun mounts and carriages were identical.

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References

  1. Hunnicutt, R.P. Sherman: A History of the American Medium Tank. Navato, CA: Presidio Press, 1994. Reprinted with permission from Sherman, R.P. Hunnicutt ©1994, available from Presidio Press, 505B San Martin Drive, Suite 160, Navato, CA 94945.
  2. Doyle, David. M40 Gun Motor Carriage and M43 Howitzer Motor Carriage in WWII and Korea. Atglen, PA: Schiffer Publishing, Ltd., 2017.
  3. Chamberlain, Peter, and Chris Ellis. British and American Tanks of World War Two. Frome, England: Cassell & Co., 2000.
  4. Siemers, Cary. "USA's Self Propelled Guns." World War II Tanks & Vehicles and Advanced Squad Leader. 4 Feb 2001. 19 Feb 2001 <http://www.shadowsfolly.com/WWII/USA/SelfPropelled.htm>.

Last updated 8 Oct 2017.
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© Copyright 2001-17 Chris Conners