Tank Recovery Vehicle M321-10

M32: General
Date of first acceptance March 1944 Total acceptances 563
  • Pressed Steel Car Co.
  • Federal Machine and Welder Co.
Crew 6 men
M32: Dimensions
Combat weight 62,000lbs
Height 104.1875"
Hull length, without sandshields 232"
Width without sandshields 103"
Tread 83"
Ground clearance 17.125"
Ground pressure, zero penetration 13.3psi
M32: Armament
Type Mount Ammunition Traverse Elevation
.50cal M2HB MG Flexible in ring mount M49 on turret 300 rounds 360°
+80° to -20°
.30cal M1919A4 MG Ball mount in right bow 2,000 rounds 20° left, 25° right
+20° to -10°
81mm mortar M1 Front hull 30 rounds 7.3125°
+80° to +40°
M32: Armor
Rolled and cast homogeneous steel
Location Thickness Angle from vertical
Upper front 2.0"
Lower front 2.0"
0° to 56°
Sides 1.5"
Rear 1.5"
0° to 10°
Top .75"
83° to 90°
Front floor 1.0"
Rear floor .50"
M32: Automotive
Engine Continental R975 C1; 9 cylinder, 4 cycle, static radial, supercharged gasoline
Horsepower Net: 350@2,400rpm
Gross: 400@2,400rpm
Torque Net: 800 ft-lb@1,800rpm
Gross: 890 ft-lb@1,800rpm
Fuel capacity 175gal
Transmission Synchromesh, 5 speeds forward, 1 reverse
Steering Controlled differential, steering levers
Brakes Mechanical, external contracting
M32: Suspension
Type Road wheels Track return rollers
Vertical volute spring 3 bogies/track;
2 wheels/bogie
1 at rear of each bogie
Drive sprockets Idlers Shock absorbers
13-tooth front drive Adjustable at rear of track None
M32: Track
Outside guide, double pin, chevron, rubber
Width 16.56"
Pitch 6"
Shoes/track 79 Ground contact length 147"
Outside guide, double pin, parallel bar, steel
Width 16.56"
Pitch 6"
Shoes/track 79 Ground contact length 147"
Outside guide, double pin, smooth, rubber
Width 16.56"
Pitch 6"
Shoes/track 79 Ground contact length 147"
Outside guide, double pin, chevron, steel
Width 16.56"
Pitch 6"
Shoes/track 79 Ground contact length 147"
M32: Performance
Max level road speed 24mph
Max trench 74"
Max grade 60% Max vertical obstacle 24"
Min turning diameter 62'
Max fording depth 48"
Cruising range ~120mi, roads
~190km, roads

The M32 was based on the medium tank M4. The gun turret was replaced with a nonrotating turret which was welded up from flat plates on early vehicles, and later vehicles had rounded plates forming the turret front and sides. The turret had a standard .50 caliber machine gun ring mount M49 in the forward roof, and a medium tank escape hatch behind the ring mount. An A-frame crane was hinged at the front hull, and was folded back over the vehicle and locked by another A-frame hinged on the rear plate when traveling. The crane struts were increased from 4.5" (11cm) diameter to 5.5625" (14.129cm) during the production run. The crane could lift 30,000lb (14,000kg) if stationary, and 20,000lb (9,000kg) if the load needed to be moved. The front and rear suspension bogies were locked if it was necessary to lift loads over 10,000lb (4,500kg). A 60,000lb (27,000kg) Gar Wood Special 6M 814 winch was installed behind the driver's seat. The thirty 81mm mortar rounds were smoke shells for providing cover if recovering a tank under possible enemy observation. Due to the internal rearrangements and the space taken up by the winch, the auxiliary generator was not fitted. To the front fenders were welded plates for attaching vises, and a hand grinder could also be mounted. The auxiliary generator normally found in medium tanks was not installed in the M32.

The M32B2, 26 of which were produced by the Lima Locomotive Works starting in June 1943, was based on the hull of the M4A2 Sherman.

M32B1 was converted from M4A1. One thousand fifty-five M32B1s were manufactured by the Pressed Steel Car Company, Federal Machine and Welder Company, and Baldwin Locomotive Works from December 1943, twenty-four of which were converted by the Chester Tank Depot into full-track prime movers M34. Staring in May 1945, Baldwin converted 37 M32B1s to M32A1B1 standard by replacing the vertical volute spring suspension with horizontal volute spring suspension. The newer Sherman combat tanks were also using HVSS, so parts commonality was maintained. The 81mm mortar was deleted from later production M32A1B1s, and the crane lifting boom was eliminated from the right crane strut and replaced with a raising sheave mounted on the center of the hull front.

M32B3s were converted from M4A3 Shermans by the Lima Locomotive Works and the Pressed Steel Car Company beginning in May 1944. Starting in March 1945, Baldwin and International Harvester converted eighty M32B3s to M32A1B3s. The M32A1B3 was analogous to the M32A1B1.




  1. Hunnicutt, R.P. Sherman: A History of the American Medium Tank. Navato, CA: Presidio Press, 1994. Reprinted with permission from Sherman, R.P. Hunnicutt ©1994, available from Presidio Press, 505B San Martin Drive, Suite 160, Navato, CA 94945.
  2. TM 9-738 Tank Recovery Vehicles M32, M32B1, M32B2, M32B3, and M32B4. Washington, DC: War Department, 9 December 1943.
  3. ORD 8-9 SNL G-185 List of All Service Parts for Vehicle, Tank Recovery, M32, M32A1, M32A1B1, and M32B1 (SNL G-185) Vehicle, Tank Recovery, M32B3 and M32A1B3 (SNL G-187). Washington, DC: Deptartment of the Army, 5 May 1948.
  4. Catalogue of Standard Ordnance Items, 2nd edition 1944, volume 1. Washington, DC: Office of the Chief of Ordnance Technical Division, 1 June 1945.
  5. TM 9-2800-1/TO 19-75A-89 Military Vehicles (Ordnance Corps Responsibility). Washington, DC: Departments of the Army and Air Force, 13 February 1953.
  6. Tank Data, vol. 2. Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD: US Army Ordnance School, July 1958.
  7. Sola, Samuel, Vincent Bobkowski, and Kara Crocker. Weapon Mounts for Secondary Armament. Santa Monica, CA: G. O. Noville & Associates, Inc., April 1957.
  8. Chamberlain, Peter, and Chris Ellis. British and American Tanks of World War Two. Frome, England: Cassell & Co., 2000.
  9. Crismon, Fred W. U.S. Military Tracked Vehicles. Osceola, WI: Motorbooks International, 1992.
  10. Siemers, Cary. "USA's M4 Medium Tanks." World War II Tanks & Vehicles and Advanced Squad Leader. 11 Feb 2001. 21 Feb 2001 <http://www.shadowsfolly.com/WWII/USA/MediumTanksM4.htm>.
Last updated 12 Sep 2023.
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